SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY’S CONTRIBUTION TO THE ADVANCEMENT OF TEXTILES AND FASHION INDUSTRY



Abstract:

The Textile and fashion industry by any measure is significant-it is large by value, employment and cultural influences. The tentacles of fashion and textiles reach almost every aspect of our day to day lives, fulfilling a functional need for clothing, but also enabling personal projections of ourselves to the world. Science and technology has felicitated the globalization of a fashion industry in which a dress can be manufactured far from where it was designed. The stages through which a garment moves from conception to acquisition by a consumer are these-the creation of a design concept, the acquisition of fabric or other material from which to make the garment, the cutting of pieces that will be assembled, putting together the pieces and incorporating any needed finishings. With development of science various new synthetic fibers were manufactured like polyester, rayon, acrylics, spandex etc which gained the popularity among textiles industry. With the availability of diverse kinds of yarns, knits, and developments in fabric structures, the range of materials available to textile designers is enormous now. Information technology has also played an essential role in the manufacturing of dress. Now computer maybe, but is not always, the first tool used by a designer as he or she conceives the designs. Manufacturers use computer aided designs and computer software that can soften the process. The latest softwares not only produces a visual image of the design but also is able to create a pattern in a variety of sizes. Electronic media technologies have made access to information about fashion trends worldwide. All traditional methods and infrastructures are replaced by newly invented equipments, furnitures and softwares. Each phase of industries whether it is spinning of fibers, weaving of fabrics, dyeing of fabrics and designing of blue prints. Each task is completed efficiently with high speed by using modern technologies. Increased communication and standardization methods are quickening the delivery process of products which reduces the overhead costs. By technological development of industries labour content is reducing and product quality is improving day by day. Government should also contribute in the development by industries by providing some facilities and incentives to the industries. For example tax incentives etc. Now the textile and fashion industry is more mature and developing than it was a few years ago

 

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